Bulimia nervosa is usually caused by frequent excessive food consumption in a short period of time. It is repeated frequently and the person immediately avoids excess food and calories. Self-induced vomiting to get rid of it, not eating for a long time, excessive exercise an eating disorder that progresses through actions such as eating, eating, using diuretics and laxatives type of disorder. The relationship between bulimia nervosa and attachment patterns, psychology It is a subject that has been widely studied in the literature. About this topic, today will mention my opinions.

May 5, 2024 - 14:02
May 5, 2024 - 14:27
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Existence of Relationship Between Bulimia Nervosa and Attachment Types

Attachment patterns are the characteristics of individuals in close relationships.describes their behavior and emotional reactions. John Bowlby's attachment theory It emphasizes the baby's need for closeness and trust with the primary caregiver.Attachment behavior is the baby's behavior to meet this need. It calls it . These behaviors help the baby protect himself from dangers and makes him feel safe. The formation of attachment behaviors, the baby's early It is based on the relationship established with the mother or caregiver at an early age. This relationship is the baby's It is strengthened by satisfying the emotional and physical needs of the baby and leads to the development of a secure attachment pattern.

Some studies have shown that individuals with a secure attachment pattern have emotional regulation skills are more developed and therefore eating disorders It suggests that the risk of emotional disorders such as is reduced. On the other hand,Individuals with anxious or avoidant attachment patterns have more emotional  problems such as disordered eating disorders and eating disorders It is stated that they tend to. However, the relationship between bulimia nervosa and attachment patterns More research is needed to fully understand. Connecting differently understanding the effects of eating patterns on eating disorders is important both in clinical practice.It can also play an important role in therapeutic interventions.

Now I would like to briefly talk about 4 types of attachment;

The primary caregiver should be sensitive to the baby's needs.If the child responds, a secure attachment usually develops. This individuals with this type of attachment experience long-term relationships in adulthood.They tend to establish long-term, trusting, romantic and social relationships. They have confidence in themselves and others, which leads to emotional ıt enables them to develop rich and satisfying relationships. express your feelings they are generally comfortable with making friends with the people around them.They act with a reliable perception of the world. This sense of trust makes people to experience their lives in a more positive and meaningful way might help.

If the caregiver has a lack of sensitivity towards the child If it does, anxious or ambivalent attachment usually occurs. This ın this case, the child calms down when he leaves the person he is attached to.It may be difficult. Even if the caregiver returns, this anxious state may last for a while. It can continue. Individuals with this type of attachment develop into adulthood often have anxious and dependent social relationships during periods of they establish. They tend to trust the other party, not themselves and this can also increase the imbalance in their relationships. The world is uncertainty and uncertainty for them.It can be perceived as a place that gives a feeling of insecurity. This situation causes the person learn to be sensitive to their own needs and feelings can hinder and negatively impact the ability to form healthy relationships.may affect.

If the caregiver is distant and emotional towards the child.If they exhibit a cold attitude, avoidant attachment usually occurs. In this case, even if the child leaves the person to whom he is attached, He may not realize it and may be unresponsive when he returns. This kind individuals with attachment relationships in adulthood they may have difficulty establishing it. They are self-confident and their relationships are generally they establish it in line with their own interests. They may struggle and their social relationships may be emotionally unstable about expressing their feelings.The world may be perceived as an unsafe place for them. This situation, It can prevent deep connections and emotional satisfaction in relationships because lack of trust prevents the establishment of emotionally satisfying relationships can make it difficult.

The last type of attachment is disorganized attachment.It is generally the unhealthiest. In this case, the caregiver usually has a pathological condition, such as borderline personality disorder such as schizophrenia or obsessive-compulsive disorder. This caregiver is the child He is a figure who wants to be close but cannot be trusted.The child may become restless when separated from his/her caregiver, but even if he turns around, he either cannot calm down or asks the caregiver after a few seconds walks away. Individuals with this type of attachment are adulthood due to the influence of the complex relationships they experienced during their They may have difficulty establishing relationships during this period. To themselves or others they have difficulty trusting and often view the world in an unsafe manner.They perceive it as a place. This situation causes permanent damage to emotional and social relationships.It can create hesitation and anxiety because lack of trust is not a healthy relationship. may hinder its development and prevent connections with the World can make it difficult.

So, now lets see now what is the difference between attachment types and eating disorders...

There may be a relationship, according to Bowbly's theory, the baby who cannot be securely attached cannot meet his/her individual needs and will not be able to maintain nutrition, which is their most basic need.And naturally, he will try to meet this need with thumb sucking or bottle feeding. The baby who cannot be satisfied orally may not have an emotional relationship with the primary caregiver.This is to get rid of anxiety that is at an unmanageable level because will compensate for the behavior. Continuing this habit later in life and will have an eating disorder. Insecurely attached individuals Low self-esteem, feelings of inadequacy and uselessness can also develop in eating disorder patients, and this supports my opinion.

If I need to support my thoughts with Freud's theory, the point I will mention is; Insecurely attached baby, according to psychosexual theory, fixation in oral period prone to addiction and OCD, controlling and he will have a jealous personality. (The oral period, in this theory, refers to the individual's life from birth to It refers to the period until approximately 1 year of age and during this period, nutritional and oral Satisfaction through satisfaction is important.) Its relationship with food, which is the most easily accessible thing, is unhealthy  will happen, and by making himself vomit, the person will actually give himself control of everything.He/she will enjoy the feeling of being able to provide

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Rana Gülşen Pekel Merhaba, ben Rana Gülşen PEKEL. Çağ Üniversitesi’nde Psikoloji Bölümü 4. Sınıf öğrencisiyim. Deneysel Psikoloji, Nöropsikoloji, Fizyolojik Psikoloji, Öğrenme Psikolojisi ve Endüstriyel Psikoloji alanları ile ilgileniyorum. Lisans eğitimim boyunca EFPSA (Avrupa Psikoloji Öğrencileri Birlikleri Federasyonu) ile Mind the Mind projesi kapsamında uluslararası çalışma yürütüp bunun yanında Adana Güzelyalı Hastanesi’nde ve Rehber Klinik’te Klinik Psikoloji, Adana Adliyesi’nde Adli Psikoloji ve Adana Sheraton Grand Hotel’de İnsan Kaynakları alanlarında stajlar yaparak kendimi alanlar arası geliştirme imkanı buldum. Aynı zamanda psikoloji öğrencilerinin eğitimlere ulaşılabilirliğini arttırmaya yönelik oluşturulan bir eğitim platformunda Üniversite Temsilciliği ve Eğitim Koordinatörlüğü yaparak tecrübe kazandım. Lisans eğitimim sonrasında nöropsikoloji alanında uluslararası çalışmalar yapmayı planlıyorum. Sayedra Psikoloji yönetim kurulunda yer alırken aynı zamanda Makale Çeviri Koordinatörlüğü görevimi sürdürüyorum. İdeallerim doğrultusunda kendimi sürekli güncel tutuyor ve uluslararası çalışmaları takip ederek geliştiriyorum.